Biden Signs Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Bill – Ballotpedia News
Our weekly federal news roundup highlights the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act goes into effect and is a court ruling against the tax provisions of the US Bailout Act. Read all about it in this week’s edition of the Federal Tap.
We won’t be releasing the tap next week due to the Thanksgiving holiday. Our next issue will be out on December 4th.
Biden signs Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act
President Joe Biden (D) signed the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act on November 15. The law provides for $ 1.2 trillion in new and recurring annual infrastructure spending. It includes provisions to invest $ 89.9 billion to fund new infrastructure and new permits, $ 66 billion to maintain and develop Amtrak, and $ 65 billion to provide universal access to reliable, high-speed Internet.
The bill was passed by the Senate on August 10 with 69-30 votes. All 48 Democrats and the two Independents who team up with the Democrats voted for the bill along with 19 Republicans. Thirty Republicans voted against the law and one abstained.
The House of Representatives voted 228 to 206 to pass the bill on November 5. The Jass consisted of 215 Democrats followed by 13 Republicans, while the Neins consisted of 200 Republicans and six Democrats.
Before the bill was passed in the House of Representatives, the Democratic leaders in the House had waited to vote until the final legal language of the Build Back Better Act could be voted on. On November 6th, the House of Representatives approved the review of the Build Back Better Act.
US district judge rules against American Rescue Plan Act tax regulations
On November 15, US District Judge Scott Coogler, who was nominated to the court by George W. Bush (R) in 2003, blocked enforcement of a provision of the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) that prevented states from using aid funds Compensation for tax reductions or credits.
The lawsuit was filed by 13 states, led by West Virginia and Alabama. The other plaintiff states were: Arkansas, Alaska, Florida, Iowa, Kansas, Montana, New Hampshire, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, and Utah. In their lawsuit, they argued that the provision in question violated the Constitution’s spending clause and Amendment 10.
In his ruling, Coogler said, “The language of the tax mandate makes it impossible for states to make an ‘informed decision’ about the cost of obtaining ARPA funds, as it is impossible to exercise tax sovereignty without jeopardizing ARPA funds . “He went on to say that” any ARPA monies received by plaintiff states could be viewed as indirect compensation for any decrease in net tax revenue resulting from a change in state law or policy. “
Coogler’s ruling prevents the US Treasury Department from enforcing the ARPA provision in any of the states that plaintiffs were in the lawsuit. As of November 18, the Justice Department had not announced whether it would appeal the judgment.
Congressmen are not seeking re-election in 2022
32 members of Congress – six members of the US Senate and 26 members of the US House of Representatives – have announced that they will not run again. Twenty members – six senators and 14 MPs – have announced their resignation. Five outgoing Senate members are Republicans and one is a Democrat, and of the outgoing House of Representatives, 10 are Democrats and four are Republicans.
Biden will not issue pardons or conversions until September 30th
From his inauguration through September 30, President Joe Biden (D) issued no pardons or conversions. Since 1902, Barack Obama (D), George W. Bush (R), Bill Clinton (D) and Richard Nixon (R) have been the other presidents who did not issue a pardon or commutation in the same time window. Obama, Bush and Clinton only issued a pardon or conversion in their third year in office. By November 2021, presidents had issued an average of 120.4 pardons and 55.8 changes a year.
The US Department of Justice keeps a record of statistics on pardons and conversions. These numbers are broken down by fiscal year running from October 1 to September 30. In the event of a change of presidency (such as between Donald Trump and Biden), both presidents can pronounce pardons and conversions in the same financial year.
The US Constitution grants the President in Article II, Section 2 the power to Executive pardon. Executive pardon includes the power of pardon, whereby the president overturns a federal conviction and “restores a person to the state of innocence that existed before the conviction”. The executive pardon also includes the power of commutation, which enables a president to shorten or reduce a federal prison sentence.
Nevada is the 14th state to issue new congressional cards; The power of redistribution in Washington goes to the Supreme Court of the state
Nevada: Governor Steve Sisolak (D) signed the state’s new congressional and legislative plans on November 16, which will come into effect during the 2022 electoral cycle.
The Nevada Senate approved the redistribution plans on Nov. 14 by 12-9 votes, followed by a 25-17 vote on Nov 16.
After signing the cards, Sisolak said, “After a thoughtful, efficient and productive session, I am proud to bring these laws into effect today. These cards reflect the diversity of Nevada and reflect the public feedback that was gathered during the legislative process. “State Ace. Jill Dickman (R) said,” This bill is generally disliked, but the reason has nothing to do with compromise, because there weren’t any. ”
Nevada is the 14th state to issue congressional cards as per the 2020 census. During the 2010 redistribution cycle, Nevada passed its congressional card on October 27, 2011, 20 days earlier than this year. The redistribution by Congress is now complete for 111 of the 435 seats (25.5%) in the US House of Representatives.
Washington: On November 16, the Washington Redistricting Commission announced that it had not presented any new plans to redistribute congresses and laws by the November 15 deadline. Under state law, the authority to draw new maps now rests with the Washington Supreme Court, which has until April 30, 2022 to create new maps. Despite the deadline, the commission finally agreed on map plans on November 16 and submitted them to the state’s Supreme Court for review.
In Washington, the boundaries of Congress and the legislative counties of the states are drawn by a five-member non-political commission set up by a constitutional amendment in 1983. Majority and minority leaders in the state’s Senate and House of Representatives each appoint a registered voter to the commission. These four commissioners then appoint a fifth, non-voting member to chair.
Following the 2010 census, the commission agreed on new plans for congressional and legislative districts on January 1, 2012, which was the deadline for cards to be approved before redistribution powers passed to the state Supreme Court.
Upcoming positions in the judiciary according to Article III
According to the latest data from the US courts, a total of 35 vacancies have been posted for Article III judicial offices. The earliest job posting was on January 21, 2021, when U.S. District Court Justice for the Southern District of Texas Vanessa Gilmore announced that she would retire on January 2, 2022. The last announcement came on November 4, when the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit Judge Susan Carney announced that she would assume senior status upon confirmation of her successor. As of November 19, 18 vacancy deadlines were unknown as the judge had not disclosed the date they would leave the bank. The next vacancy is slated for November 23, when the US District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia Judge Raymond Alvin Jackson adopts executive status.
For a historical comparison, in the week of November 15-21, 2020, the U.S. courts reported 61 federal judicial posts and three pending jobs in the federal justice administration.
Congress is canceled
Both the House of Representatives and the Senate will be out next week. Click here for the full calendar for the first session of the 117th Congress.
SCOTUS is out of order
The Supreme Court will not hear any oral arguments next week. To find out more about the 2021-2022 term, click here.
Where was the president last week?
On Monday, Biden stayed in Washington, DC
Biden made remarks on the Infrastructure Bill on Tuesday in Woodstock, New Hampshire.
On Wednesday, Biden made remarks on the infrastructure bill at General Motors’ ZERO facility, Detroit-Hamtramck Assembly Center in Detroit, Michigan.
On Thursday, Biden stayed in Washington, DC
On Friday, Biden left Washington, DC for Wilmington, Delaware.
- 77 jobs in the federal judiciary
- 26 outstanding nominations
- 35 future federal judicial agencies